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NEW JERSEY: A BILLION DOLLARS to meet "high cost of special education" in NJ

Jan 8, 2020, NJ Spotlight: Sweeney Looks to Help Districts with Special Education Costs Tuition for out-of-district placement of some students often runs well into six figures The high cost of special education in New Jersey is getting renewed attention, as Senate President Steve Sweeney presses the state to do more to help districts pay for students with severe disabilities. Sweeney in an address to delegates of the New Jersey School Boards Association last month pledged to push Trenton to meet its full share of so-called “extraordinary aid” to districts for special education costs exceeding $40,000 a pupil in an in-district program and $55,000 for an outside program. As he did for this year’s budget, he said he would support adding another $50 million in the next state budget — and at least two budgets thereafter — to meet 100% of what the state is obligated to pay under the two-decade-old law that set up the fund. Under the law, the state is supposed to pay up to 95% of those costs above the thresholds. Spending $250 million this year, the state now pays about two-thirds of what it’s supposed to for these extreme costs. That’s on top of the $940 million provided by the state in general special education aid. “Each year we intend to put $50 million in and that should help [ease] the pressure of local districts,” he said. “This is money that no one ever anticipated was coming.” Long an advocate for special education as a parent of a child with special needs, Sweeney said he wants to ease the tension that arises with the high costs of serving these students, and said the state can and should do more…. But the rising costs of special education — and specifically those of specialized outside schools where tuition costs can reach six figures — has been a contentious issue for years, if not decades…. In the meantime, the pressure on districts is hardly ebbing, with the state in the last month releasing the latest approved individual tuition amounts for private special-education schools serving many of these most significant needs. They ranged from $50,000 for a school serving students with learning and behavioral disabilities to more than $145,000 for the Somerset Hills Learning Institute, a Bedminster school for students with autism spectrum disorder. “Generally these students have complex, severe disabilities,” said Gerald Thiers, executive director of the association that represents many of the private schools. “It comes down to the intensity of the services provided these students,” he said. “In those services, students with severe autism, for example, in order for them to progress, sometimes the staff ratio would be as much as one-to-one. It’s what is necessary to get the outcomes we are looking for.” … “In all the mix of priorities that are out there facing the state, the fact they can squeeze out $50 million to do this, we’re quite happy with it,” he said. Still, others said it’s not enough to meet what are rising needs. A coalition of education groups has formed to press for full-funding of the extraordinary aid, as well as the state’s whole funding formula for schools….


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