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(Italy) Neurodevel. disorders in kids increasing; ways to prevent

May 14, 2024, Ruetir: Neurodevelopmental disorders in children are increasing, neuropsychiatrists' Decalogue

Neurodevelopmental disorders in children are increasing in our country. Some examples: one child in 77, according to data from the Istituto Superiore di Sanità, suffers from an autism spectrum disorder; learning disorders or attention deficit hyperactivity disorders are very frequent in the school-age population (5%) (3.5-5% of school-age children). This is remembered by the Italian Society of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, SInpIa, which a few days ago – on 11 May – promoted the third National Day for the Promotion of Neurodevelopment, and which has developed a decalogue for good mental health of children.

“Neurodevelopment disorders – explains Elisa Fazzi, president of Sinpia – present very different manifestations in terms of type, course and prognosis: from autism spectrum disorders, which affect communication and social interaction, to language and learning disorders or attention, psychiatric disorders, neuromotor disorders such as motor coordination disorder up to infantile cerebral palsy which can also be considered neurodevelopmental disorders.

Prevention is possible, Sinpia experts explain, listing the points of the Decalogue with main recommendations addressed to parents to ensure good mental and physical health starting from the early stages of life: 1) Correct lifestyle habits before conception (for example no smoking, no alcohol, no environmental pollutants, stress reduction, physical activity); 2) Promotion of breastfeeding; 3) Sleep care and hygiene; It is still: 4) Promotion of all sensorial/multisensory (tactile, auditory-music-visual) and motor experiences to encourage curiosity for the exploration of the environment; 5) Promotion of mutual gaze between mother/father and newborn/infant; 6) Promotion of communicative interaction through play (imitation, symbolic activity, joint attention); 7) Promotion of reading in the family (Born to read); 8) Creating rules of life and healthy relationship habits (setting constructive limits for example):9) Prevention of excess, but above all conscious and age-appropriate use of IT tools (mobile phones, tablets, internet), 10 ) Promotion of social interactions and relationship life in all life contexts.


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